API Reference

argon2_cffi comes with an high-level API and hopefully reasonable defaults for Argon2 parameters that result in a verification time of between 0.5ms and 1ms on recent-ish hardware.

Unless you have any special needs, all you need to know is:

>>> from argon2 import PasswordHasher
>>> ph = PasswordHasher()
>>> hash = ph.hash("s3kr3tp4ssw0rd")
>>> hash  
'$argon2i$v=19$m=512,t=2,p=2$5VtWOO3cGWYQHEMaYGbsfQ$AcmqasQgW/wI6wAHAMk4aQ'
>>> ph.verify(hash, "s3kr3tp4ssw0rd")
True
>>> ph.verify(hash, "t0t411ywr0ng")
Traceback (most recent call last):
  ...
argon2.exceptions.VerifyMismatchError: The password does not match the supplied hash

But of course the PasswordHasher class has all the parametrization you’ll need:

class argon2.PasswordHasher(time_cost=2, memory_cost=512, parallelism=2, hash_len=16, salt_len=16, encoding='utf-8')

High level class to hash passwords with sensible defaults.

Uses always Argon2i and a random salt.

The reason for this being a class is both for convenience to carry parameters and to verify the parameters only once. Any unnecessary slowdown when hashing is a tangible advantage for a brute force attacker.

Parameters:
  • time_cost (int) – Defines the amount of computation realized and therefore the execution time, given in number of iterations.
  • memory_cost (int) – Defines the memory usage, given in kibibytes.
  • parallelism (int) – Defines the number of parallel threads (changes the resulting hash value).
  • hash_len (int) – Length of the hash in bytes.
  • salt_len (int) – Length of random salt to be generated for each password.
  • encoding (str) – The Argon2 C library expects bytes. So if hash() or verify() are passed an unicode string, it will be encoded using this encoding.

New in version 16.0.0.

hash(password)

Hash password and return an encoded hash.

Parameters:password (bytes or unicode) – Password to hash.
Raises:argon2.exceptions.HashingError – If hashing fails.
Return type:unicode
verify(hash, password)

Verify that password matches hash.

Parameters:
  • hash (unicode) – An encoded hash as returned from PasswordHasher.hash().
  • password (bytes or unicode) – The password to verify.
Raises:
Returns:

True on success, raise VerificationError otherwise.

Return type:

bool

Changed in version 16.1.0: Raise VerifyMismatchError on mismatches instead of its more generic superclass.

If you don’t specify any parameters, the following constants are used:

argon2.DEFAULT_RANDOM_SALT_LENGTH
argon2.DEFAULT_HASH_LENGTH
argon2.DEFAULT_TIME_COST
argon2.DEFAULT_MEMORY_COST
argon2.DEFAULT_PARALLELISM

You can see their values in PasswordHasher.

Exceptions

exception argon2.exceptions.VerificationError

Verification failed.

You can find the original error message from Argon2 in args[0].

exception argon2.exceptions.VerifyMismatchError

The secret does not match the hash.

Subclass of argon2.exceptions.VerificationError.

New in version 16.1.0.

exception argon2.exceptions.HashingError

Raised if hashing failed.

You can find the original error message from Argon2 in args[0].

Low Level

Low-level functions if you want to build your own higher level abstractions.

Warning

This is a “Hazardous Materials” module. You should ONLY use it if you’re 100% absolutely sure that you know what you’re doing because this module is full of land mines, dragons, and dinosaurs with laser guns.

class argon2.low_level.Type

Enum of Argon2 variants.

D = <Type.D: 0>

Argon2d is faster and uses data-depending memory access, which makes it less suitable for hashing secrets and more suitable for cryptocurrencies and applications with no threats from side-channel timing attacks.

I = <Type.I: 1>

Argon2i uses data-independent memory access, which is preferred for password hashing and password-based key derivation. Argon2i is slower as it makes more passes over the memory to protect from tradeoff attacks.

ID = <Type.ID: 2>

Argon2id is a hybrid of Argon2i and Argon2d, using a combination of data-depending and data-independent memory accesses, which gives some of Argon2i’s resistance to side-channel cache timing attacks and much of Argon2d’s resistance to GPU cracking attacks.

New in version 16.3.0.

argon2.low_level.ARGON2_VERSION = 19

The latest version of the Argon2 algorithm that is supported (and used by default).

New in version 16.1.0.

argon2.low_level.hash_secret(secret, salt, time_cost, memory_cost, parallelism, hash_len, type, version=19)

Hash secret and return an encoded hash.

An encoded hash can be directly passed into verify_secret() as it contains all parameters and the salt.

Parameters:
  • secret (bytes) – Secret to hash.
  • salt (bytes) – A salt. Should be random and different for each secret.
  • type (Type) – Which Argon2 variant to use.
  • version (int) – Which Argon2 version to use.

For an explanation of the Argon2 parameters see PasswordHasher.

Return type:bytes
Raises:argon2.exceptions.HashingError – If hashing fails.

New in version 16.0.0.

>>> import argon2
>>> argon2.low_level.hash_secret(
...     b"secret", b"somesalt",
...     time_cost=1, memory_cost=8, parallelism=1, hash_len=64, type=argon2.low_level.Type.D
... )
b'$argon2d$v=19$m=8,t=1,p=1$c29tZXNhbHQ$ba2qC75j0+JAunZZ/L0hZdQgCv+tOieBuKKXSrQiWm7nlkRcK+YqWr0i0m0WABJKelU8qHJp0SZzH0b1Z+ITvQ'
argon2.low_level.verify_secret(hash, secret, type)

Verify whether secret is correct for hash of type.

Parameters:
  • hash (bytes) – An encoded Argon2 hash as returned by hash_secret().
  • secret (bytes) – The secret to verify whether it matches the one in hash.
  • type (Type) – Type for hash.
Raises:
Returns:

True on success, raise VerificationError otherwise.

Return type:

bool

New in version 16.0.0.

Changed in version 16.1.0: Raise VerifyMismatchError on mismatches instead of its more generic superclass.

The raw hash can also be computed:

argon2.low_level.hash_secret_raw(secret, salt, time_cost, memory_cost, parallelism, hash_len, type, version=19)

Hash password and return a raw hash.

This function takes the same parameters as hash_secret().

New in version 16.0.0.

>>> argon2.low_level.hash_secret_raw(
...     b"secret", b"somesalt",
...     time_cost=1, memory_cost=8, parallelism=1, hash_len=8, type=argon2.low_level.Type.D
... )
b'\xe4n\xf5\xc8|\xa3>\x1d'

The super low-level argon2_core() function is exposed too if you need access to very specific options:

argon2.low_level.core(context, type)

Direct binding to the argon2_ctx function.

Warning

This is a strictly advanced function working on raw C data structures. Both Argon2’s and argon2_cffi‘s higher-level bindings do a lot of sanity checks and housekeeping work that you are now responsible for (e.g. clearing buffers). The structure of the context object can, has, and will change with any release!

Use at your own peril; argon2_cffi does not use this binding itself.

Parameters:
  • context – A CFFI Argon2 context object (i.e. an struct Argon2_Context/argon2_context).
  • type (int) – Which Argon2 variant to use. You can use the value field of Type‘s fields.
Return type:

int

Returns:

An Argon2 error code. Can be transformed into a string using error_to_str().

New in version 16.0.0.

In order to use core(), you need access to argon2_cffi‘s FFI objects. Therefore it is OK to use argon2.low_level.ffi and argon2.low_level.lib when working with it:

>>> from argon2.low_level import ARGON2_VERSION, Type, core, ffi, lib
>>> pwd = b"secret"
>>> salt = b"12345678"
>>> hash_len = 8
>>> # Make sure you keep FFI objects alive until *after* the core call!
>>> cout = ffi.new("uint8_t[]", hash_len)
>>> cpwd = ffi.new("uint8_t[]", pwd)
>>> csalt = ffi.new("uint8_t[]", salt)
>>> ctx = ffi.new(
...     "argon2_context *", dict(
...         version=ARGON2_VERSION,
...         out=cout, outlen=hash_len,
...         pwd=cpwd, pwdlen=len(pwd),
...         salt=csalt, saltlen=len(salt),
...         secret=ffi.NULL, secretlen=0,
...         ad=ffi.NULL, adlen=0,
...         t_cost=1,
...         m_cost=8,
...         lanes=1, threads=1,
...         allocate_cbk=ffi.NULL, free_cbk=ffi.NULL,
...         flags=lib.ARGON2_DEFAULT_FLAGS,
...     )
... )
>>> ctx
<cdata 'struct Argon2_Context *' owning 120 bytes>
>>> core(ctx, Type.D.value)
0
>>> out = bytes(ffi.buffer(ctx.out, ctx.outlen))
>>> out
b'\xb4\xe2HjO\x14d\x9b'
>>> out == argon2.low_level.hash_secret_raw(pwd, salt, 1, 8, 1, 8, Type.D)
True

All constants and types on argon2.low_level.lib are guaranteed to stay as long they are not altered by Argon2 itself.

argon2.low_level.error_to_str(error)

Convert an Argon2 error code into a native string.

Parameters:error (int) – An Argon2 error code as returned by core().
Return type:str

New in version 16.0.0.

Deprecated APIs

These APIs are from the first release of argon2_cffi and proved to live in an unfortunate mid-level. On one hand they have defaults and check parameters but on the other hand they only consume byte strings.

Therefore the decision has been made to replace them by a high-level (argon2.PasswordHasher) and a low-level (argon2.low_level) solution. There are no immediate plans to remove them though.

argon2.hash_password(password, salt=None, time_cost=2, memory_cost=512, parallelism=2, hash_len=16, type=<Type.I: 1>)

Legacy alias for hash_secret() with default parameters.

Deprecated since version 16.0.0: Use argon2.PasswordHasher for passwords.

argon2.hash_password_raw(password, salt=None, time_cost=2, memory_cost=512, parallelism=2, hash_len=16, type=<Type.I: 1>)

Legacy alias for hash_secret_raw() with default parameters.

Deprecated since version 16.0.0: Use argon2.PasswordHasher for passwords.

argon2.verify_password(hash, password, type=<Type.I: 1>)

Legacy alias for verify_secret() with default parameters.

Deprecated since version 16.0.0: Use argon2.PasswordHasher for passwords.